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Exploring Indonesia’s Religious Holidays – A Faith Journey

by | Mar 8, 2023

Indonesia is a beautiful country full of diverse cultures and religions – and it’s no surprise that its religious holidays are just as varied! From the annual Hindu celebration of Nyepi to Eid Fitr, which marks the end of Moslem’s battle to fight hunger, Indonesia offers an array of colourful festivities across cultures.

Whether you’re interested in experiencing traditional rituals from each faith first-hand or want to learn more about Indonesian religion through holiday customs, this blog post can help guide you on your journey.

Keep reading to learn more about the fascinating world of Indonesian religious holidays.

Islam’s Religious Holidays

Religious holidays - Moslem pray

As the majority of Indonesians are Muslim, many of the religious holidays celebrated in Indonesia are Islamic holidays. The two most important Islamic holidays are Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha.

Eid al-Fitr marks the end of the holy month of Ramadan, during which Muslims fast from dawn until dusk. When the fasting months almost end, people will return to their hometowns to celebrate Eid al Fitr with their families.

The holiday is celebrated with special prayers and a feast with family and friends. Indonesians often decorate their homes and streets with colourful lights and decorations to mark the occasion. Also, the elder will give money to the children or those younger than them.

Eid al-Adha is also known as the “Festival of Sacrifice.” It commemorates the willingness of the Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice his son as an act of obedience to God. Muslims often sacrifice an animal, such as a goat or a cow, and distribute the meat to family, friends, and the less fortunate.

Christian Holidays

Religious holiday - Christmas tree

Christianity is the second-largest religion in Indonesia, and Christmas and Easter are the most significant Christian holidays celebrated in the country. Indonesians celebrate Christmas with elaborate decorations and festivities, with many attending midnight mass and exchanging gifts with friends and family.

Easter, on the other hand, is a quieter holiday, and many Christians attend church services and reflect on the meaning of the holiday. Easter brings a peaceful respite; an opportunity to step away and remember the great meaning of the day. Christians come together in worship, honoring Jesus’s life with reverence and celebration.

Hindu and Buddhist Holidays

Hindu's celebration

Hinduism and Buddhism are minority religions in Indonesia, but they still play an essential role in the country’s cultural heritage.

Nyepi and Vesak Day are two of the most important holidays in these religions. Nyepi is the Hindu New Year, and Balinese Hindus celebrate it with a day of silence, fasting, and meditation. The Ogoh-Ogoh procession, where large and colourful statues are carried through the streets, is also an essential part of the celebration.

Among all places in Indonesia, the strongest vibe of Nyepi is in Bali. It’s because almost Balinese are Hindu. When you come to Bali in Nyepi, you won’t be allowed to go outside the hotel or the house.
Uniquely, you are allowed not to turn on the light and your internet connection because some internet providers may get cut off. Hence, if you want to enjoy outdoor tourism, you’re better off checking your calendar if you want to visit Bali to avoid Nyepi Day.

How about Vesak? It is the most crucial holiday in Buddhism, commemorating the Buddha’s birth, enlightenment, and death.

On this memorable holiday, Buddhists worldwide pause and reflect on their spiritual journey. They connect through meaningful activities such as meditation, prayerful contemplation of Buddhist teachings, and performing acts of kindness towards others to honour the life of Buddha.

Confucian and Taoist Holidays

Religious holidays - Chinese New Year

Confucianism and Taoism are less prevalent in Indonesia than other religions but still have a significant following. They celebrate at least essential holidays are the Lunar New Year and Qingming Festival.

The Lunar New Year, also known as Chinese New Year, is celebrated by the Chinese community in Indonesia. The holiday is marked by dragon and lion dances, firework displays, and the exchange of red envelopes filled with money.

Qingming Festival, on the other hand, is a day for paying respect to ancestors. Indonesians of Chinese descent often visit the graves of their ancestors and offer food, incense, and other offerings.

Tips to Do When Visiting Indonesia on Religious Holidays


If you desire to experience those Indonesia’s religious holidays, there are some tips to make your experience more enjoyable, and they are:

Respect the Local Customs and Traditions

Indonesia is a diverse country with many different cultural and religious traditions. As a visitor, it’s essential to respect these customs, even if they may be unfamiliar to you. Learn about the local customs and traditions before your trip, and be mindful of them during your stay.

Plan Your Trip Around Public Holidays

Public holidays in Indonesia can be a great time to experience the country’s culture and festivities. If planning a trip to Indonesia, consider scheduling it around one of the major holidays, such as Eid al-Fitr or Nyepi.

Be Prepared for Crowds

Major holidays in Indonesia can bring enormous crowds, especially in popular tourist destinations. Be prepared for crowded streets, long lines, and busy airports or transportation hubs.

Try Local Cuisine

Indonesian cuisine is diverse and delicious, with many unique dishes that reflect the country’s cultural heritage. Don’t be afraid to try local dishes and street food; be mindful of any food allergies or dietary restrictions.

Dress Modestly

Indonesia is a predominantly Muslim country, so visitors should dress modestly out of respect for local customs and religious beliefs. Avoid wearing revealing clothing or shorts and tank tops in public areas.

Learn Some Local Phrases

Learning a few phrases in the local language, Bahasa Indonesia, can show respect for the local culture and connect with locals. Try learning some basic greetings and phrases such as “Terima kasih” (thank you) and “apa kabar?” (how are you?).

By following these tips, you can have a more enjoyable and respectful trip to Indonesia. Feel free to immerse yourself in the local culture and try new things, but always be mindful and respectful of the customs and traditions of this beautiful and diverse country.


Indonesia is a remarkable example of how different religions can coexist and thrive in harmony. It serves as an inspiration for other nations around the world to embrace and celebrate diversity and to work towards promoting interfaith harmony and understanding.

We hope you enjoyed learning about Indonesia’s religious holidays and their cultural significance to its diverse population. Stay tuned to our website if you are interested in reading more informative articles about different aspects such as Human Resources, Virtual Assistants, Business Growth, or the company’s process.

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